Jayanta Gogoi, Associate Professor

Department of Commerce Jhanji HNS College, Sivasagar, Assam

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Dr. Bhaskarjyoti Bora, AssociateProfessor

Department of Commerce

Gauhati University, Assam,India


Biodiversity Conservation emerges more important due to the globalize process of the world economy and also for survival of the world as a balance habitat. Biodiversity of an eco system is a vital issue of an economy. Soil, water, climatic condition, forest cover and biodiversity are crucial in determining the renewable resource flow of an economy. Sustainable development stresses on economic development alone with the object of conservation of environment. India is one of the twelve mega diversity country in the world. The country possesses about 8 percent of global biodiversity occupying the 10th position in terms of plant species, out of the 25 hot spots of biodiversity in the world. North- Eastern region is one of the hottest hot spots ranking 6th position among the 25 biodiversity hot spots. Assam is one of the richest biodiversity zone in North East region. There are number of tropical rain forest in Assam. Moreover, there are riverine grass lands ,bamboo, orchards, and numerous wetland ecosystems. Many of these areas have been protected by developing national park, wildlife sanctuary and reserve forest. The state is enriched with extensive forest areas and famous for floras and faunas. Assam includes 5 number of National of National Parks and 18 number of wild life sanctuaries. As per the assessment by the forest survey of India (FSI), the forest cover in Assam is more than 35 percent of it geographical area.

Kaziranga National park declared as world heritage site by UNESCO in 1985, extends over an area of 430 with its proposed additional area of 429.49 upto 6th addition. The park has also given the status of Tiger Reverse forest in December 2007. The park has been also recognised as a “ biodiversity hotspot” in Indomalaya Ecozone. Kaziranga National park is divided as the Central, Eastern, and Western sectors consisting semi evergreen forested highland, rivulets, marshes and extensive plains. The park with its rich biodiversity resources is the favoured destination of both domestic and foreign tourists and getting the top priority as tourist destination in the state. This study mainly addressed to explore the rich floral and faunal diversity and also focused on the major problems for conservation of biodiversity of this world heritage site.

Source: Authors, Jayanta Gogoi, Associate Professor, and Dr. Bhaskarjyoti Bora, AssociateProfessor Department of Commerce Gauhati University, Assam,India