Iyata Maharana Ph.D.

North Bengal University, Siliguri.

Name(s) of Guide/Supervisor(s)

Dr. S.C. Rai.

Year of submission 2000

Paper Abstract: Tourism sector has developed as a major industry in recent times, and there has been an increasing trend to bring more and more new areas under this reach. Sikkim is a tiny state in the eastern Himalayan region and it has been a hot spot of tourism due to its magnificently diverse landscapes, high biodiversity and rich cultural heritage, which has also generated a good source of income and employment to youths and rural masses. The region has been identified as an important ecotourism destination. This work analyses the dynamics of tourism growth, economic and environmental benefits, and participatory conservation and protection of natural resources by different stakeholders in the Sikkim state of India based on the study done in the most popular tourist’s destination for trekking and nature tourism in Khangchendzonga Biosphere Reserve. The annual tourist’s influx in Sikkim state has increased by about ten times over a span of last 10 years. At present nearly 69% of total households income comes from tourism related activities, which increased the income and consumption pattern of the community. Interestingly the local stakeholders have increased their share to conserve the biodiversity through organizing themselves in Khangchendzonga Conservation Committee (KCC), and managing site enhancement activities. The study suggests that the area has an economic potential far greater than its realized earning potential, and that more effort is needed to increase the level of conservation contributions to fulfill the goal of ecotourism. 

Source: Iyata Maharana Ph.D. North Bengal University, Siliguri