Paper Abstract: In recent years, the trends in tourism in India have shown variation in terms of both economic and socio-cultural values. With changing lifestyles, economy and paid vacations, there has been a change in the attitude and perception of people toward travel and tourism. There has been an increase in environmental awareness and pressure of urbanization. Now, urban masses look for new get away locations, where they can get involved in active outdoor recreation. Thus, national parks and sanctuaries have emerged as the favorite destinations.

A decade ago the 500 national parks and other protected areas did not interest the holiday seekers. But, in recent times they have become "hot spots" for vacationers. As a result, the Government of India initiated the 'new ecotourism policy'. In order to generate more foreign revenue, the new policy deviates from its previous principle of 'for conservation only'. The policy, now, aims at increasing tourism by creating more services and facilities for the visitors to the protected areas. Thus, there has been a constant increase in the number of visitors during the 'season' particularly to the parks like Corbett, Ranthambore, Nagarhole, Kaziranga, etc., which have close proximity to metropolitan towns and are important for endangered species like the tiger or the one horn rhino. The visitors to these national parks are usually the youth in 18 to 30 years of age group. They are driven by the motivation to do something "adventurous".
This could involve any activity like tiger sighting, wildlife photography, camping. Many times urban visitor gets involved in prohibited and illegal activities. This leads to socio-cultural conflicts between the visitors and the local community and the other stakeholders, human-wildlife interface and other related problems. A new set of issues that have emerged out of such tourism in India is of displacement of local people. This has emerged as a major management issue in some of the parks, but has universal manifestation. Such problems and issues need to be addressed at the policy level.
This paper looks into some of such issues related to management. The present scenario of tourism in India calls for designing strategies for visitor's management such as intensive interpretation, environmental awareness programs and active involvement of local people for promoting responsible tourism. Various research techniques like, field survey & PRA, have been used. The data for the paper has been collected through questionnaire and field survey.


Source: Dr. Purva Centre for the Study of Regional Development, School of Social Sciences, GW 1 Ganga, Uttarakhand, Jawaharal Nehru University, New Delhi 110 067, India; Email: purva@jnuniv.ernet.in; Fax: +91-11-6165886, 6198234