Coniferous:

Pinus khasyia(Indigenous), Pinus caribiae (Exotic),Pinus petula and Cryptomeria japonica (Exotic)

Broad leaved:

 Lagerstromia speciosa (Ajhar), Tectona grandis (Teak), Mangifera indica (Am), Alnus nepalensis (Alder), Morus laevigata (Bola), Tetrameles nudiflora (Bhelu), Trewia nudiflora (Bhelkar), Betula alnoides (Betula), Canarium resiniferum (Dhuna), Gmelina arborea (Gomari), Cinnamomum cecicodaphne (Gonsoroi), Nyssa javanica (Gahorisopa), Terminalia myriocarpa (Hollock), Adina eligocephala (Haldisopa),Cedrela toona (Jatipoma), Podocarpus nerifolia (Jinari), Altingia exelsa (Jutuli), Duabanga grandiflora(Khokon), Albizzia procera (Koroi), Anthocephalus kadamba (Kadam), Shorea assamica (Mekai), Endospermum chinensis (Phulgomari), / Melia azadirach (Ghoora-Neem), Stereospermum chelonoides (Paroli), Magnolia spp. (Sopas), Cassia fistula (Sonaru), Bombax ceiba (Semal), Ficus nervosa (Robar), Spondias axillaris(Hog plum), Michelia champaca (Titasopa), Bischofia javanica (Uriam), Juglans regia (Walnut), Mansonia  dipikai (Badam), Phoebe goalparensis (Bonsom), Dipterocarpus macrocarpus (Hollang), Terminalia chebula (Hilika), Schima wallichii (Gogra), Mesua ferrea (Nahar), Albizzia lebbeck (Siris), Quercus Spp. (Oaks), Artocarpus chaplasha Sam), Chukrasia tabularis (Bogipoma), Terminilia bellerica (Bahera). Hovenia dulcis(Coral tree), Acrocarpus fraxinifolius(Mandani), Bucklandia populnea(Pipli), Pseudostreblus indicus(Tsüngkoh)

World tallest Rhododendron tree, which is recorded in the Guineese Book,  has been found in Japfu Mountain of Kohima district.

Medicinal Plants.

Panax pseudo-gensing (Gensing), Taxus baccata (Yew), Aquilaria agallocha (Agar),Solanum khasianum, Ocimum sanctum (Tulsi),  Aegle marmelos (Bel), Rauvolfia serpentina (Sarpgandha),  Elaeocarpus ganitrus (Rudraksha), Dioscorea deltoides (Kath Aloo),  Emblica officinalis (Amla), Swertia chirata (Chirata), Rubia cordifolia, Oroxylum indicum, Clerodendrum colebrookianum, Passiflora edulis

 Bamboo :

There are 22 species of Bamboos available in the state. The important spp.of bamboo are:

 

1

Sinarundinaria griffithiana (Munro) Chao & Renv.

( Arundinaria griffithiana Munro) Saramati

2

Sinarundinaria elegans (Kurz) Chao & Renv.

( Arundinaria elegans Kurz) Puliebadze, near Kohima.

3

Sinarundinaria rolloana (Gamble) Chao & Renv.
( Arundinaria rolloana Gamble) Japfü Range, Kohima.

 

4

Sinarundinaria nagalandiana Naithani  Niriyo Peak, Wokha.  

5

Chimonobambusa callosa (Munro) Nakai
( Arundinaria callosa (Munro) Puliebadze above Kohima and Mao. 

6

Neomicrocalamus prainii (Gamble) Keng f.

(Arundinaria prainii Gamble)   Puliebadze, Japfü Range.        

7

Bambusa balcooa Roxb.       Wokha

8

Bambusa tulda Roxb.   Kohima, Jaluki

9

Bambusa palliada Munro Wokha, Kohima and Zeliang village

10

Dendrocalamus hookeri  Munro   Kohima, Wokha

11

Dendrocalamus hamiltonii Nees et Arn ex Munro

Dimapur-Kohima Road, and Wokha

12

Dendrocalamus giganteus Munro Kohima, Mao.

 

13

Dendrocalamus calostachys (Kurz) Kurz

Phikrokezema, Dimapur and Kohima

14

Schizostachyum polymorphum (Munro) Majumdar

(Pseudostachyum polymorphum Munro) Longsachu near Wokha

15

Schizostachyum dullooa (Gamble) Majumdar

( Teinostachyum dullooa Gamble) Yikum near Wokha

16

Schizostachyum fuchsianum (Gamble) Majumdar

(Cephalostachyum fuchsianum Gamble) Kohima, Zulhama-Kilomi  

17

Melocanna baccifera (Roxb.) Kurz.   ( M. bambusoides Trin.) Jaluki

 

 

Canes:

1.       Calamus rotang

2.       Calamus flagellum

3        Calamus erectus

4.       Calamus gracilis

5.      Calamus floribundus                             

Orchids:

      Nagaland has about 340 spp. out of 1250 spp. of orchids found in India. Most of the Orchids here are epiphytes or lithophytes. A few terrestrial orchids are also found in the state.

S.NO

NAME

1

Acampa papillosa

2

Acampa rigida

3

Acampa wightiana

4

Acanthephippium striatum

5

Acanthephippium sylhetense

6

Aerides crassifolium

7

Aerides fieldingii

8

Aerides multiflorum

9

Aerides odoratum

10

Anoectochilus crispus

11

Anoectochilus elwesil

12

Anoectochilus grandiflorus

13

Anoectochilus griffithi

14

Anoectochilus roxburghii

15

Anthogonium gracile

16

Aphyllorchis montana

17

Aphyllorchis prainii

18

Appendicula cornuata

19

Arachis bilinguis

20

Arachis cathcartii

21

Arundina graminifolia

22

Ascocentrum ampullaceum

23

Ascocentrum curvifolium

24

Ascocentrum micranthum

25

Ascocentrum miniatum

26

Brachycorythis obcordata

27

Bulbophyllum aculiflorum

28

Bulbophyllum affine

29

Bulbophyllum andersonii

30

Bulbophyllum careyanum

31

Bulbophyllum caudatum

32

Bulbophyllum cylindraceum

33

Bulbophyllum dyeranum

34

Bulbophyllum elatum

35

Bulbophyllum eulepharum

36

Bulbophyllum gambeiel

37

Bulbophyllum guttulatum

38

Bulbophyllum gymnopus

39

Bulbophyllum helenae

40

Bulbophyllum hirtum

41

Bulbophyllum hymenanthum

42

Bulbophyllum leopardinum

43

Bulbophyllum leptanthum

44

Bulbophyllum odoratissimum

45

Bulbophyllum ornatissimum

46

Bulbophyllum pencillium

47

Bulbophyllum piluliferum

48

Bulbophyllum polyrhizum

49

Bulbophyllum reptans

50

Bulbophyllum rigidum

51

Bulbophyllum rothschildianum

52

Bulbophyllum roxburghii

53

Bulbophyllum secundum

54

Bulbophyllum striatum

55

Bulbophyllum umbellatum

56

Bulbophyllum uniflorum

57

Bulbophyllum viridiforum

58

Bulbophyllum wallichi

59

Calanthe alismifolia

60

Calanthe alpina

61

Calanthe angusta

62

Calanthe biloba

63

Calanthe brevicornu

64

Calanthe chloroleuca

65

Calanthe clavate

66

Calanthe densiflora

67

Calanthe foestermannii

68

Calanthe gracilis

69

Calantheherbacea

70

Calanthe manni

71

Calanthe musuca

72

Calanthe plantaginea

73

Calanthe puberula