Animal species

        In the absence of proper enumeration or census the number, density and population of wildlife in the State can’t be ascertained. The State Environment & Forests Department have been undertaking animal census within the wildlife sanctuaries and national parks from time to time. The state avifauna was also not studied properly in the past due to remoteness of the region, difficult terrain, twenty years of insurgency, financial constraint and poor communication. However, according to Shri. Lalramthanga, I.F.S. and Shri. Lalmalsawma (1996), about 226 species of birds from 50 families have been recorded. Once Mizoram was the denizen of a number of wild animals. But the population dwindled at an alarming rate due mainly to the age old practice of shifting cultivation involving repeated cutting and burning of vegetation and excessive and uncontrolled hunting. Today only marginal and vanishing forms of fauna are left with us whose future is very deemed and uncertain due to wanton destruction of forests. This is the reason why the available wild animals live only in the interior forests to avoid unfriendly treatment from their superior creature. Zoological Survey of India and Wildlife Institute of India, Dehra Dun at frequent intervals are carrying out faunal survey of the State and a picture of the studied areas is expected to come up with conservation strategies.

 Agriculture and Livestock

  The State Government gives a policy direction in the matter of land use with socio-economic and environmental orientation primarily with a view to rehabilitate the tribal jhummia families by weaning them away from shifting cultivation through an integrated approach. The agricultural food production of Mizoram is mainly dependent on jhumming; the production of principal crops in Mizoram is shown at table 1.7. Most of the milk production for adequate sustained supply will depend on the production of quality fodder, feeds and milch cattles. Number of domestic animals in Mizoram as per 1997 census is given at table 1.8.

Production of principal crops in Mizoram

Sl.No.

Name of Principal crops

1998-1999 Production (MT)

1999-2000 Production (MT)

1

RICE

 

 

 

i. Jhum

58,849.00

52,835.00

 

ii. Wet Rice Cultivation (W.R.C.)

38,332.00

30,083.00

 

iii. H.Y.V.

13,008.00

6,800.00

 

Total

1,10,189.00

89,718.00

2

MAIZE

16,589.00

18,351.00

3

WHEAT

44.00

-

4

PULSES

9,306.00

6,377.00

5

TAPIOCA

2,545.00

2,822.00

6

OILSEEDS

7,731.00

7,693.00

7

COTTON

427.00

445.00

8

TOBACCO

434.00

446.00

9

SUGARCANE

7,863.00

8,765.00

10

POTATO

1,215.00

3,330.00

11

HORTI. VEGETABLE

26,827.00

-

TOTAL

1,83,170.00

1,37,947.00

Source : Statistical Handbook of Mizoram, 2000.

 

 Numbers of domestic animals in Mizoram (As per 1997 census)

Sl.No.

Name of Animals

Numbers

1

2

3

1

Cattle

33,312

2

Buffalo

5,365

3

Mithun

2,594

4

Sheep

699

5

Goat

16,036

6

Horse & Ponies

2,002

7

Donkey

5

8

Pig

1,63,181

9

Dog

33,746

10

Cattle

19,737

11

Poultry

12,94,489

12

Duck

12,171

13

Rabbit

1,545

14

Others

342

Source : Statistical Handbook of Mizoram, 2000.