28% of the state of Sikkim (2049 sq. km) lies within protected areas, a proportion that compares favorably with other countries within the EHR. Most of this protected land lies within Kanchandzonga* National Park (1784 sq. km). Five alpine, wildlife, and rhododendron santuaries protected an additional 256 sq. km.

Existing Protected Areas in Sikkim

Name

Areas (sq.km)

Comments

Kanchandzonga National Park

1784

Established 1977 in North West part of Sikkim includes middle elevation and alpine habitats

Kyongnosia Alpine Santuary

31

East of Gangtok city, near Changgu Lake

Fambong Lho Wildlife Sanctuary

52

Subtropical and temperate elevation, 20 km North-West of Gangtok city

Maenam Wildlife Santuary

35

Includes temperate and subalpine forests in southern Sikkim

Barsay Rhododendron Santuary

104

Exterme South-West of Sikkim, forests contiguous with Singhalila NP in Darjeeling

Singhba Rhododendron Santuary

43

Yumthang Valley North of Gangtok at 3700m, diverse Rhododendron Habitat

Proposed Protected Areas in Sikkim

Currently there are 6 additional protected areas proposed under the biodiversity "hotspot" program. If approved, these will extend Sikkim's protected area system to total size of 3871 sq.km (53% of Sikkim's total area). However, these proposed protected areas were not included in the present report.

Protected areas proposed under "biodiversity hotspot" program

Name

Areas (sq.km)

Kitam Sanctuary

13

Pangolakha National Park

108

Tholung Wildlife Sanctuary

230

Dzongri Wildlife Santuary

468

Nimphu Wildlife Sanctuary

167

Kanchandzonga National Park (International Biosphere Reserve Extension)

946