Name of Park / Sanctuary

Place /District

National Park / Sanctuary

1. Valmiki National Park West Champaran National Park
2. Sanjay Gandhi Botanical Garden Patna Botanical Garden
3. Valmiki Sanctuary West Champaran Sanctuary
4. Bhimbandh Sanctuary Monghyr Sanctuary
5. Rajgir Sanctuary Nalanda Sanctuary
6. Kaimur Sanctuary Rohtas Sanctuary
7. Gautambudha Sanctuary Gaya Sanctuary
8. Udaypur Sanctuary West Champaran Sanctuary
9. Nagi Dam Bird Sanctuary Jamui Sanctuary
10. Nakti Dam Bird Sanctuary Jamui Sanctuary
11.Vikramshila Gangetic Dolphin Bhagalpur Sanctuary
12. Kanwar Jheel Bird Sanctuary Begusarai Sanctuary
13. Gogabil Pakshi Vihar Katihar Closed Area
14. Kusheshwarsthan Darbhanga Closed Area
15. Barela S.A.Z.S Sanctuary Vaishali Sanctuary

 

District Wise Forest Coverage of Bihar
(Including Road/Canal side plantation)

District

Forest Area
(in Sq. Km.)

  District

Forest Area
(in Sq. Km.)

Arraria

13.05

  Madhubani
 
Aurangabad

538.63

  Munger,Lakhisarai,Shekpura

653.19

Begusarai

40.20

  Muzaffarpur

42.62

Bhagalpur,Banka

453.88

  Nalanda

46.40

Bhojpur,Buxar

36.46

  Nawada

697.43

Champaran(East)

0.70

  Patna

21.56

Champaran(West)

917.45

  Purnia

77.60

Darbhanga

56.80

  Rohtas,Kaimur

1,797.62

Gaya, Jehanabad

322.42

  Saharsa

60.40

Gopalganj

47.22

  Samastipur

46.62

Jamui

673.31

  Saran

44.88

Katihar
 
  Sitamarhi,Sheohar

46.12

Khagaria

50.10

  Siwan

50.72

Kishanganj

36.40

  Supaul
 
Madhepura

38.16

  Vaishali

50.70

 

 Fertile Land

         The topography of Bihar can be easily described as a fertile alluvial plain occupying the Gangetic Valley. The plain extends from the foothills of the Himalayas in the north to a few miles south of the river Ganges as it flows through the State from the west to the east. Rich farmland and lush orchards extend throughout the state. Following are the major crops: paddy, wheat, lentils, sugarcane, jute (hemp, related to the marijuana plant, but a source of tough fibers and "gunny bags"). Also, cane grows wild in the marshes of West Champaran. The principal fruits are: mangoes, banana, jack fruit and litchis. This is one the very few areas outside China which produces litchi.

 Water Resources

        Water like ground and mineral resources is of great significance as it provides means of drinking water for man and animals, irrigation for agriculture, industrial uses, production of hydro-electricity, transportation and recreation etc. The importance of water is so immense that the people in ancient times worshipped it.

Bihar is richly endowed with water resources, both the ground water resource and the surface water resource. Not only by rainfall but it has considerable water supply from the rivers which flow within the territory of the State. Ganga is the main river which is joined by tributaries with their sources in the Himalayas. Some of them are Saryu (Ghaghra), Gandak, Budhi Gandak, Bagmati, Kamla-Balan and Mahananda.

There are some other rivers that start from the platue area and meet in Ganges or its associate rivers after flowing towards north. Some of them are Sone, Uttari Koyal, Punpun, Panchane andKarmnasha.

There are several rivers in Bihar which contribute a lot to the peoples of Bihar. These rivers make the water available for irrigation purpose and also help in generating the hydro-thermal energy for the state. Apart from this they provide a medium for water transport, provide fishes for fishery industry and enrich the natural resources of state in many other ways.

All the above rivers have their impact on the Bihar plain. State also has non-exhaustible source of ground water which is in use for drinking purposes, irrigation and industries.

 Mineral Production 1999-2000

Mineral

Quantity

Limestone

4,78,000 MT

Mica (Crude)

53 Tonnes

Pyrites

9539 Tonnes

Quartzite

14865 Tonnes

Steatite

945 Tonnes