Since the inception of its history which dates back to 500 year ago Bihar has been recognized on cradle of movements in the field of art, culture and religion literature & human rights a postles of peace Lord Buddha, Mahavir, Great Guru Govind Singh and Mahatma Gandhi and great sufie saint further heighened with the visit of great chinese tourist Fahien, who has distinctly narrated the attaintments of the University at that time took birth on this land. It is the land on which the earliest seeds of democracy took roots and however hossemed into the form of governence with the advent of Lord, it withessed a cultural renaissance as in the preachings of the Lord Buddha was seen the right answer to the woos & suffering of the rest humanity at the hands of loot, tyranny & boilance. People embraced Buddhism and the echest holiest sermon Buddham Saranam Gachhami sent the air reached beyond the boundaries of our country and seat of leaning at Nalanda, where students outside the boundaries of our country joined the course got acknowledged the world over. Lord Buddha delivered his preachings at this place of learning. The glory of Nalanda gate.

Bihar has basked in the glory of Magadh Empire in the period of Mauryans, Guptas and Pal, Vikramshila University, whose ruins speak of best as this glorious deat of learning was constructed during Pal dynasty.

The state of Bihar lies along the eastern Gangetic Plains in North India, A land that has been the passing of many dynasties of ancient India, Bihar has also been the birth place of two treat theologies -Buddhism and Jainism. As a place of pilgrimage for centuries, even the name Bihar is desired from 'Vihar' as a Buddhist monasteries, Reflecting its ancient history, Bihar has some of the finest monuments of Hindu and Mughal architecture. And through the state flows the majestic river Ganga a saga of events of centuries old civilization. The scenery and climate of the State range from the foot hills of Himalayas, over the vast and fertile plains of the Ganga to the hills, forests and wide plateau. The land and people, fairs and festivals, arts and crafts, flora and fauna of Bihar, are all epitomes of diversity, which enchant and thrill tourists.

Bihar offers to tourists a variegated wealth of Indian Civilization, history and culture compled with enqeuisite scenic beauties and wild life within its precinet are located, places like Rajgir and Patliputra, ancient capital of mighty magadhan empire, Vaishali-the first republican state the world; Bodhgaya where lord Buddha attained the suprime enlightenment, Nalanda-the great seat of international learning and Patna Saheb-the birth place of Guru Govind Singh, the last Guru of the Sikh.


PATNA

The ancient city of Pataliputra, now known as Patna is the capital of Bihar. It is located on the southern side of Ganga river and stretches about 15 Kms. This historically famous city has been ruled by major kingdoms like Magadha, Maurya, Gupta, Pala and Mughal emperor and renamed several times by the rulers. Relics of this ancient city can be seen at Kumhrar, Bhikhnapahari, Agamkuan, Bulandi Bag etc. Today it is an important business centre of eastern India.

There are daily flights to Patna from Delhi, Calcutta and Lucknow. Patna is linked by rail with New Delhi, Mumbai, Varanasi, Calcutta and many other major cities. Patna is well connected by road with Bodhgaya (125 km), Calcutta (90 km), Rajgir (102 km) and many other places of tourist interest within Bihar. 

GOLGHAR

This huge and impressive granary is situated between Maidan and the Ganga river. Captain John Garstin of the Bengal Engineers build it in 1786 to store grains for the British army following a terrible famine. This building has an extra ordinary 29 meter high ovoid dome and has a base of 125 meters and 3.6 meters thick walls.  It was  intended to hold 137000 tons of grains. However, it was never completed. It gives an excellent view of the city and the Ganga river from its top which can be reached by the winding stairway around it.

HAR MANDIR

This is one of the holy sites of Sikhs, located in the chowk area at old Patna.  This shrine was built by Maharaja Ranjit Singh in white marble with kiosks on the terrace in commemoration of Guru Gobind Singh, the10th guru of the Sikhs who was born in Patna in 1660. It is the second of the four great takhts or thrones in the Sikh world.  There is a  museum which exhibits the photos, holy scriptures and personal possessions of the Guru.

SAIF KHAN'S MOSQUE

The mosque built by Parwaz Shah, son of Mughal emperor Jahangir located near Harmandir on the banks of river Ganga, is also known as Chimni Ghat, Sangi or pathar masjid. The mosque was built during Parwaz Shah's tenure as Governor of Bihar.

STATE MUSEUM

The museum is at Buddha Marg. Opens from 1030 to 1630.Entry - free.  This museum contains a rare collection of coins, paintings, terracotta, bronze and stone sculptures of the Maurya and Gupta periods. The famous Mauryan Didarganji Yakshi (3rd century BC), Ashes of Buddha, a First World War cannon, Jain sculpture and archeological finds from Bodh Gaya, Nalanda and Kukrihar are included in the collection. It also has the Tibetan and Chinese sections and 15 meter long fossil tree.  The mezzanine floor contains the Tibetan 'Thankas'. 

KUMRAHAR

This archeological site is located 5kms from Patna railway station on the Kanjarbagh Road. Excavations here have revealed relics of over a thousand years of four ruling periods from 600BC to 600AD. The remains found here is a huge Mauryan hall supported by 80 sandstone pillars dating back to 300BC.

MARTYR'S MEMORIAL 

The  martyr's memorial is a sculpture near the Secretariat honouring the seven freedom fighters who sacrificed their lives in the Quit India Movement of August 1942. They were shot dead when they attempted to hoist the national flag.

GULZARIBAGH

It is about 8 kms east of the Golghar near Kumrahar.  This is an old opium godown (warehouse) of  former East India Company. This warehouse, hall and ballroom are open to visitors.  

JALAN MUSEUM

The museum holds the private collection of jade, Chinese paintings and silver filigree work of the Mughal period. It is constructed at the site of Sher Shah's fort. 

KHUDA BAKSH ORIENTAL LIBRARY

One of the national libraries of India, Khuda Baksh Oriental library has a rare collection of Arabic and Persian manuscripts,  books from the University of Cordoba, Spain and Rajput and Mughal paintings

BODH GAYA

This village is situated near the river Niranjana (Phalgu)12 kms. from Gaya and 112 km from Patna.  It is one of the holiest Buddhist centers. This is the place where Gautama meditated and attained enlightenment. 

MAHABODHI TEMPLE

Originally a shrine erected by Emperor Ashoka near the Bodhi tree, it was later replaced by the Mahabodhi temple in the 2nd century.  This temple lies on a high and broad plinth.  It has a soaring 54 meters high pyramidal spire with a square cross-section.   It has a image of Buddha signifying the pose of enlightenment. The entrance of the temple has torana or ornamental archway.  The south side of the temple has a lotus pond.  The original 'Bodhi tree' or Pipal (Ficus religiosa) was said to have been destroyed by Ashoka. The present tree behind the temple is believed to have grown from a sapling of the original tree. The Vajrasila (a red stone slab) under the tree marks, the place where Gautama sat in meditation.  The Animeshlochana is the sacred spot where Buddha stood to gaze in gratitude at the Bodhi tree for a week.  Pilgrims from Tibet, Thai, Bhutan, Japan, China and Burma have built their own temples here.  A 20 meters tall Buddha statue built in stone can be seen at the end of the road, beyond the Japanese temple.

VAISHALI

Vaishali, the birthplace of Lord Mahavira the greatest profounder of Jainism, lies 56 km north of Patna. It is also the place where Lord Buddha preached his last sermon. The name Vaishali is derived from King Vishala, son of Surya Vansha mentioned in the Epic Ramayana.  It was one of the first cities in the world to adopt a republican form of government during 6th century BC. 

ASHOKA PILLAR  
It is at Kolhua, Vaishali. This pillar also known as Bhimsen-ki-Lathi (stick), is a single piece with a height of 18.3 meters.  This highly polished pillar is built in red sandstone.  It has a life size lion carved on top.  

RAJA VISHALA KA GARH  
This ruins occupies an area enclosed by a wall of about 1 meter long and 2 meters high.  The ancient parliament house surrounded by a moat can hold an assembly of 7,708 representatives is 43 meters wide. There is a 4th century temple Chaumukhi Mahadeva (4 faced  Lord Siva) here.

THE ARCHAEOLOGICAL MUSEUM  
Archaeological Museum at Vaishali includes terracottas, seals, coins, pottery and sculpture. Entry - free, Opens from 1000 to 1700. Closed on Fridays.

GAYA

Gaya is believed to be blessed with power to absolve all sins, by Lord Vishnu. The believers from many places gather here during monsoon in September - October for the 'Pitrapaksh Tarpan' (Prayers offered for the dead).  The pilgrims take a dip in the seasonal holy river 'Phalgu' during this season. 

VISHNUPAD TEMPLE

It is in the center of the town, built over Lord Vishnu's footprint.  This footprint imprinted on a rock inside the temple is set in a silver basin.  It has a height of 30 meters.  The temple is supported by eight rows of beautiful carved pillars which support the pavilion.  This pavilion was refurnished in 1787 by Rani Ahalyabai of Indore. The banyan tree under which Buddha meditated for 6 years is still seen here.