Details :

  The Khangchendzonga Biosphere Reserve (KBR) is one of the latest additions to the protected areas network in the Indian Himalayan Region, located in the picturesque state of Sikkim in the eastern Indian Himalayan Region with snow -clad mountain peaks, numerous glaciers, a snow and glacier-fed stream network and high -altitude lakes, this biosphere reserve (BR) is named after the world's above 8000 m. The KBR covers an area of 2619.92 km. sq 36.92 % of the land area of Sikkim. BRs exemplify participatory sustainable resource use and ecosystem conservation. It is therefore important to consider the human dimensions of a BR from the outset and to survey stakeholders' attitudes about conservation in order to take into account the inherent traditional dependence of people on forest-based resources.

                   Based on observation on human needs & biosphere Inferences, a conservation attitude (CONAT) Survey was conducted in some of the important fringe areas settlements falling in North Sikkim district. Contingent valuation method (CVM) with the amid of ecological economics with emphasis on Willingness to accept (WTA) and Willingness to reject (WTR) approved was done to understand the ways that it covered issue of pertinence to  the stakeholders and the policy makers.. the Basic premise of this valuation is that the environmental Conservation costs of enforcing BR principles of restriction on the use of natural resource shall also be borne by the local population as the stakeholders within their Socio- Cultural & Economic framework of subsistence.

With the survey report in final , one could derive in to conclusion  that more attention is required for a efficient management of Natural resource & Conservation of eco -system of this BR, taking into account more participatory approach of stakeholders, employing their traditional ecological knowledge (TEK) in the BR resource management, providing alter5native livelihood option  as well as resource to defray the pressure  & dependencies on the BR resources

Source: S Chettri, A P Krishna , K K Singh