AcclimatizationThe adjustment or increase in tolerance shown by a species in the course of several generations in a changed environment.

Advanced ecotourism

Advanced ecotourism is an award or form of certification given to niche tourism operators who meet particular standards in terms of ecotourism, eg advanced ecotourism is awarded to Australia's leading and most innovative ecotourism products, providing an opportunity to learn about the environment with an operator who is committed to achieving best practice when using resources wisely, contributing to the conservation of the environment and helping local communities.

Adventure Tourism

A type of tourism involving travel to remote or exotic locations in order to take part in physically challenging outdoor activities.

Eg: Trekking, Rafting, Hiking, Mountaineering, Paragliding


A paid advertisement in the print media that resembles a story or editorial comment.


The process of transforming an area into forest, usually when trees have not previously been grown there


 A limited number of rooms or seats available to wholesalers to free sell.

Alternative tourismThe common feature of ‘alternative tourism’ is the suggestion of an attitude diametrically opposed to what is characteristically viewed as mass tourism. Alternative tourism is often presented as existing in fundamental opposition by attempting to minimize the perceived negative environmental and socio-cultural impacts of people at leisure in the promotion of radically different approaches to tourism. Examples include ecotourism, green tourism, nature-oriented tourism, soft tourism, pro-poor tourism and defensive tourism.


Arrival notification report used by wholesale agents.

Anthropocentric Focuses

On the human and the instrumental value of nature, regards humans as the central fact of the universe and therefore interprets everything in terms of humans and their values.


Airlines advanced purchase fare.

Areas of high conservation valueAreas important at a regional or national level for the conservation of native fauna, flora, natural features or systems or sites of cultural significance.


 Computer/reservation system used by some travel agents.


Accredited Visitor Information Centre. Travel information centres located at a destination to assist visitors to the area. AVICs provide information about accommodation, tours, activities, events, etc. Some AVICs also make bookings. AVICs are “accredited” centres, identified by an italic “i”.